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Actually putting these policies into practice is known as implementation. No mention is made of education in any of the amendments. In trying to "form a more perfect Union," the Framers of the Constitution spelled out several key functions government must perform. Thus, education became a function of the state rather than the federal government. A federal government is a system of dividing up power between a central national government and local state governments that are connected to one another by the national government. 1896: Plessy v. When it comes to matters of policy, the public tends to look to the federal government to lead the way, but the local governments actually determine educational policy.Early in our nation's history, lawmakers passed the 10th Amendment to the Constitution which is the basis for making education a function of the states. Combined, the three branches of government provide a … In the United States, the federal government and state governments exist in a balanced tension of shared powers known as federalism, "a system of government in which the same territory is controlled by two levels of government" (Federalism, n.d., par. However, in this article, I am going to explain a good number of the functions of the Nigerian Federal Government. The functions of the three branches of the U.S. government are as follows: the legislative branch makes and enacts laws, the executive branch carries out laws, and the judicial branch evaluates and interprets laws. Federal and State, State and Local. The federal bureaucracy performs three primary tasks in government: implementation, administration, and regulation. Other Federal Courts. A crucial function of the executive branch is to ensure that laws are carried out and enforced to facilitate such day-to-day responsibilities of the federal government as collecting taxes, safeguarding the homeland and representing the United States' … The judicial branch of government is made up of the court system. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the country. 1). When the country gained independence in 1960, there was much to do to meet the yearning of the people. Therefore, the functions of government are objectively determined by the laws governing the functioning of this political and legal system, the peculiarities of interaction between society and the state, actual goals and objectives confronting them throughout the entire history of government existence and in a particular historical period. Supreme Court. The nine justices are nominated by the president and must be approved by the Senate (with at least 51 votes). 1791: Bill of Rights of the Constitution was passed. Launch Activity Civil Liberties in a Post-9/11 World. When Congress passes a law, it sets down guidelines to carry out the new policies. These actions often start with legislation from Congress, made up of the 435-member House of Representatives and the 100-member U.S. Senate. This activity tests your knowledge about the functions of government. These powers include collecting taxes, making and enforcing laws, building roads, borrowing money, setting up court systems, and spending revenue for the welfare of the general population. The concurrent powers help the state and federal governments work together yet function independently from each other. The federal government of Nigeria is saddled with numerous responsibilities. 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