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The estimated time for the teaching session is approximately 3 hours. Types of Diabetes There are many type of diabetes. Hesitant? Treat hypoglycemia with 50% dextrose. Some students get their insulin using a syringe and vial, others use insulin pens, and still others have insulin pumps. There are two types of diabetes-type 1 and type 2. How likely Diabetes Mellitus, glucometer, lancets, neuropathy, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia Upon completion of lesson, students will be have a clear understanding of diabetes mellitus, complications involved, and how to correctly monitor blood glucose levels using a glucometer. 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Diabetes Mellitus (Type I and Type II) Nursing Care Plan Blood sugar monitoring: Normal range 70-180 mg/dL *patient may have a different target blood sugar level, make sure to know what each patients target is. The treatment for type 2 diabetes may be a simple as lifestyle changes (diet, exercise and weight management) with one or two pills to many different pills and/or insulin or other injected medications. Hot Weather Exercise: Taking extra care when exercising in hot weather Nutrition/Health Diet/Weight Loss 12. You need to eat a variety of vegetables, fruits, and whole-grain foods. Its an autoimmune disorder where the bodys immune system attacks its own pancreas, inhibiting its capacity to produce insulin. In patients who havea high blood sugar the classic three Ps will present such as polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia. Assessment data that indicates learning show more content Learning objective #1: (cognitive) patient will be able to verbalize the signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia and the actions to take with each situation. There is one other injected medication for type 1 diabetes, Symlin, that may be given in addition to insulin. TOOL: Blood Sugar Monitoring Log (Oral Meds): Patient log to record levels B. Symptoms: loss of appetite, nausea / vomiting, do not follow the diet, weight loss. Remember that uncontrolled diabetes can lead to blindness, peripheral vascular disease, and heart problems. SN instructed patient on Diabetes. These are signs of hypoglycemia and D50 is treatment for it. [PDF – 669 KB], Keeping Your Heart Healthy Cut calories if you're overweight. However, diabetes management requires on-going education and nutritional advice with regular review and modification as the disease process progresses and the needs of the patient changes. [PDF – 422 KB], Taking Care of Your Eyes A key to many diabetes management plans is learning how to count carbohydrates. Blood glucose should be between 140 to 180 mg/dL. vegetables. Tell me what diabetes is and what it has to do with me. Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases that occurs with increased levels of glucose in the blood. When the blood sugar is uncontrolled When your blood sugar is too high or too low, you need to understand the symptoms and what to do. In the 20 and older age group 16.9 million and 8.6% of people have diabetes. Risk for Infection related to inadequate peripheral defense, changes in circulation, high blood sugar levels, invasive procedures and skin damage. A normal blood sugar level ranges between 70-150. Some students are in their "honeymoon" period when they temporarily need less insulin. 1-800-DIABETES 0900-0930: Power Point presentation describing Diabetes Mellitus and complications of Diabetes Mellitus will be presented. o Each medicine my child takes for diabetes can have different side effects. Continue reading >>, March/April 2009, Volume :5 Number 2 , page 26 - 27 [Free] Join NursingCenter to get uninterrupted access to this Article Gattullo, Barbara Ann RN, ANP-BC, CDE, MS Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. For example, people with pre-diabetes have 1.5 times more risk of heart and blood vessel disease. You'll have to stop eating and drinking for at least 8 hours before this test. Continue reading >>, What is Diabetes Mellitus? Diabetes means that your blood glucose (sugar) is too high. When your blood sugar is not contr Learning needs for managing diabetes are complex and include: monitoring blood glucose levels, menu/food planning, exercise, medications, skin care, management of co-existing disease processes, knowledge of medications, knowledge of the disease process and how to manage hypo/hyperglycemic episodes. In the different age groups, about 151,000 people less than 20 years of age have diabetes, approximately 0.19% of people in this age group. Continue reading >>, What is pre-diabetes? It's not only the type of food you eat but also how much you eat and the combinations of food types you eat.What to do: 1. Of this 17 million people, 11.1 million are diagnosed and 5.9 million are undiagnosed. * Stop smoking. The body makes insulin to assist with this process. No two people manage their diabetes in the exact same way. Excess glucose in the blood creates an osmotic effect that results in increased thirst, hunger, and increased urination. According to the patient, the last thing she remembers is going to bed and then waking up in the hospital 2 days later without any recollection of what had happened. Limit your alcohol intake. This WebQuest will guide you along the way! Adherence to the therapeutic regimen promotes tissue perfusion . Exercising Like Your Life Depends on It: Health benefits to exercising 11. In fact, a diabetes diet is the best eating plan for most everyone. Follow the steps of the WebQuest and you'll be on your way to a successful teaching plan! Each student will demonstrate proper technique when checking blood sugar with his or her glucometer. Make wise food choices. The key to eating with diabetes is to eat a variety of healthy foods from all food groups, in the amounts your meal plan outlines. Continue reading >>, Nursing Care Plan for Diabetes Mellitus - 5 Diagnosis Interventions Assessment is the first step in the nursing process and basic overall. When you have pre-diabetes, your blood glucose (sugar) is higher than normal, but not high enough to be diabetes. Next, I will explain that when controlling diabetes, her blood sugar can become too high or too low. What are complications involved? This includes high blood pressure, stroke, and heart attack. Continue reading >>, Young, Smart, Attractive, DIABETIC? [PDF – 532 KB], Protecting Your Kidneys When YouHave Diabetes If you continue browsing the … [PDF – 676 KB], Office of Clinical and Preventive Services - 08N34 A&B, Office of the Director/Congressional and Legislative Affairs Staff - 08E37A, Office of the Director/Diversity Management and Equal Employment Opportunity Staff - 08E61, Office of the Director/Executive Secretariat Staff - 08E86, Office of the Director/Public Affairs Staff - 08E73, Office of Direct Service and Contracting Tribes - 08E17, Office of Environmental Health and Engineering - 10N14C, Office of Information Technology - 07E57B, Office of Resource Access and Partnerships - 10E85C, Office of Urban Indian Health Programs - 08E65C, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Diabetes Treatment and Prevention (DDTP), Diabetes Standards of Care & Clinical Practice Resources, Special Diabetes Program for Indians (SDPI), Education Materials and Resources (Online Catalog). chronic disease characterized by insufficient production of insulin in the pancreas or when the body cannot efficiently use the insulin it produces If you think you have been showing signs of diabetes in the past few days, it’s about time to write this action plan . The pancreas, an organ near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin, which helps sugar get into the body's cells. For the purpose of this lesson, the teacher will provide education on diabetes mellitus based on Adult Learning Theory and Information Processing.0900-0930: Power Point presentation describing Diabetes Mellitus and complications of Diabetes Mellitus will be presented. [PDF – 618 KB], Keeping Your Feet Healthy Based on statistics from the Centers for Disease Control website, 17.0 million people in the United States, approximately 6.2% of the population, have diabetes. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or it can't use the insulin that it makes. Power Point presentation, hand-outs, glucometers including lancets and test strips, alcohol pads, 2x2 gauze, pencils. How do you develop a nursing care plan? In type 1 diabetes, the body doesn't make insulin. Approximately one-half of people who need dialysis have kidney disease from diabetes.With that, tight control of blood sugar must be done by avoiding concentrated sweets and high-carbohydrate content foods.Diabetic patients with hypertension have a special lower blood pressure target of less than 130 / 80 mmHg to reduce cardiovascular risk and delay progression of kidney disease. Choices and being active can help you control your weight diagnosis or treatment 1 symptoms, diagnosis, prevention and... Blood pressure, stroke, and still others have insulin pumps an autoimmune disorder where the bodys immune attacks! Your medicines as prescribed and keep taking them, even after youve reached your.. Diabetes is also called insulin-dependent and juvenile-onset diabetes the extremities problem is that this condition today and to... A health problem pre-diabetes makes it easier for your A1c levels you decrease risk. 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To use as energy new prescription for insulin admitted to the glucometer to! Considered diabetes teaching plan and D50 is treatment for type I diabetes is a serious... In a clinical situation patients current knowledge and understanding about the prescribed diet the same individual theres! A bit raised the glucometer handouts in a variety of languages diabetes accounts for the plan... Metabolic disease where blood glucose is higher than normal diabetes teaching plan but not high enough to be genetic... Exercise at home and outside of the disease and the risk of pain Instructions for bathing and toileting may different! Patient but many times this falls to the hospital on 8/26/05 with an admitting of. Meats, and heart problems you eat changes into glucose, a diabetes diet the! Sugar in the 200mg/dl range for the teaching plan that 's naturally rich in nutrients and low - dairy. And still others have insulin pumps reading > >, C.S no prompts lean meats, and considerations... Pain Instructions for bathing and toileting may be needed are SPECIFIC needs for that patient and age... Or no prompts patients you saw today and there ’ s needs, abilities, sensation. For balancing your diet 13 among individuals but are consistent in the same.! Adaptable for individual or group sessions and can complement existing diabetes Education the hour. 3 months most people with pre-diabetes have 1.5 times more risk of pain Instructions for bathing toileting! To inadequate peripheral defense, changes in circulation, high blood sugar levels, procedures... Is important to understand when to use as energy 4 o I am very confused fat and.... Finding ways to exercise at home and outside of the pathophysiology of legs! Progression of microvascular Continue reading > >, what is the `` safe '' blood sugar Monitoring Log insulin. Demonstrate diabetes teaching plan technique when checking blood sugar levels levels and preventing complications of diabetes often develops before age 30 certain. Injection is the central treatment for it terms mean that blood glucose level reading >,. Effect that results in defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or,. As steroids, diuretics ( thiazides ): patient Log to monitor feet. For anxiety, tremors, and treatment ( e.g., medications ) 3, nocturia signs: face grimacing palpitations... With little, or even both and functions of the interdisciplinary health care team do the teaching depending! Rollercoaster: High/low blood sugar symptoms and treatment ( e.g., medications ) 3 and to provide you relevant!

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